Literature on the Conflict in Syria (2011 – November 2013)

Literature on the Conflict in Syria (2011 – November 2013)

Compiled and selected by Judith Tinnes

Abstract

This bibliography contains journal articles, book chapters, books, edited volumes, theses, grey literature, bibliographies and other resources on the Syrian conflict. To keep up with the rapid changing political events, more recent publications have been prioritized during the selection process. The literature has been retrieved by manually browsing more than 200 core and periphery sources in the field of Terrorism Studies. Additionally, full-text and reference retrieval systems have been employed to expand the search.

NB: All websites were last visited on 17.11.2013. - See also Note for the Reader at the end of this literature list.

Keywords: bibliography, resources, literature, Syria, conflict, uprising, civil war, Assad regime

Bibliographies and other Resources

Adelson, Samuel (2013, May): Annotated Bibliography for Syria. (Model Arab League Research Resources). URL: http://ncusar.org/modelarableague/resources/Annotated-Bibliography-Syria.pdf

Brown Moses Blog (2012-). URL: http://brown-moses.blogspot.co.uk/

Carnegie Middle East Center (2012-): Guide to Syria in Crisis. URL: http://carnegie-mec.org/specialprojects/SyriainCrisis/?type=analysis&lang=en Global Observatory (2013, June 24): A Resource Guide to the Syrian Conflict. URL: http://theglobalobservatory.org/reports/522-a-resource-guide-to-the-syrian-conflict.html

Lynch, Marc (2013, September 4): A Syria Reading List. Abu Aardvark's Middle East Blog. URL: http://lynch.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/09/04/a_syria_reading_list

Rogalski, Jürgen; Hasenmüller, Monika (2013, March): Länderspezifische Analysen und Kommentare: Syrien. In: Aktuelle Kurzbibliographie. URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/swp-themendossiers/umbruch-in-der-arabischen-welt/aktuelle-kurzbibliographie/laenderspezifische-analysen-und-kommentare.html#c4415

Syria Deeply (2012-). URL: http://beta.syriadeeply.org

Syrian Studies Association (n.d.): Syrian Studies Association Bulletin. URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/index

Books and Edited Volumes

Ajami, Fouad (2012): The Syrian Rebellion. (Hoover Institution Press Publication No. 624). Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.

Armbruster, Jörg (2013): Brennpunkt Nahost: Die Zerstörung Syriens und das Versagen des Westens. Frankfurt: Westend.

Haney, Antoine; Nicholson, Carter M. (Eds.) (2013): Conflict Zones: Syria and Mali. (Global Political Studies). Hauppauge: Nova Science.

Hashemi, Nader; Postel, Danny (Eds.) (2013): The Syria Dilemma. (Boston Review Books). Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Heydemann, Steven; Leenders, Reinoud (Eds.) (2013): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Hokayem, Emile (2013): Syria's Uprising and the Fracturing of the Levant. (Adelphi Series). Abingdon: Routledge.

Khatib, Line (2011): Islamic Revivalism in Syria: The Rise and Fall of Ba'thist Secularism. (Routledge Studies in Political Islam, Vol. 7). Abingdon: Routledge.

Lawson, Fred H. (2013): Global Security Watch: Syria. Santa Barbara: Praeger.

Lefèvre, Raphaël (2013): Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lesch, David W. (2012): Syria: The Fall of the House of Assad. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Pierret, Thomas (2013): Religion and State in Syria: The Sunni Ulama from Coup to Revolution. (Cambridge Middle East Studies, Vol. 41). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Starr, Stephen (2012): Revolt in Syria: Eye-Witness to the Uprising. London: Hurst.

van Dam, Nikolaos (2011): The Struggle for Power in Syria: Politics and Society under Asad and the Ba'th Party. (Rev. 4th ed.). London: I.B. Tauris.

Yazbek, Samar (2012): A Woman in the Crossfire: Diaries of the Syrian Revolution. [Translated by Max Weiss]. London: Haus Publishing.

Ziadeh, Radwan (2013): Power and Policy in Syria: Intelligence Services, Foreign Relations and Democracy in the Modern Middle East. (Rev. ed.). London: I.B. Tauris.

Theses

Akkerhuis, Dianne (2013, August): Western vs. Muslim Media on the Civil War in Syria: An Empirical Analysis of Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations. (Master's Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/student-theses/2013-0927-200954/UUindex.html

Back, Peter (2013, June): "We are all Hamza Alkhateeb": En analyse af voldelige billeder og sociale medier i den syriske borgerkrig. (Master's Thesis, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark). URL: http://rudar.ruc.dk/handle/1800/11034

Bagherpour, Amir K. (2012, Spring): Religion and the Evolution of Democracy: A Revised Selectorate Model for the Arab Spring. (Doctoral Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, United States). URL: http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cgu_etd/53/

Corro, Megan Catherine (2013, March): The Arab Uprisings and the Unveiling of the Shiite Crescent. (Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Washington DC, United States). URL: http://m.repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/558369

Dunnam, Stephanie (2012, Summer): Wishful Thinking: In Search for a Comprehensive Understanding of Humanitarian Intervention. (Master's Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands). URL: http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/student-theses/2012-0815-200512/UUindex.html

Eivazian-Tabrizi, Arby (2012, Fall): The Role of Foreign Intervention in Revolutions. (Master's Thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, United States). URL: http://sdsu-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/10211.10/3203

Fondren, Billy R. (2009, March): The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Jordan and Syria: A Comparison. (Master's Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://calhoun.nps.edu/public/handle/10945/4854

Gilbert, Victoria J. (2013, May): Syria for the Syrians: The Rise of Syrian Nationalism, 1970-2013. (Master's Thesis, Northeastern University, Boston, United States). URL: http://www.academia.edu/3432163/Syria_for_the_Syrians_The_Rise_of_Syrian_Nationalism_1970-2013

Halderman, Frank Douglas (2013, April): Issue Indivisibility as an Explanatory Model for the Arab Spring. (Master's Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada). URL: https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/44406

Hasler, Stefan (2012, June): Explaining Humanitarian Intervention in Libya and Non-Intervention in Syria. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://calhoun.nps.edu/public/handle/10945/7355

Khatib, Line (2010): Islamic and Islamist Revivalism in Syria: The Rise and Fall of Secularism in Ba'thist Syria. (Doctoral Dissertation, McGill University, Montreal, Canada). URL: http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=94949

Maddox, Jacob M. (2013, March): Building Peace in a Post-Assad Syria. (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, United States). URL: http://calhoun.nps.edu/public/bitstream/handle/10945/32859/13Mar_Maddox_Jacob.pdf

Poltoratskaia, Tatiana (2010, December): Russia’s Role in the Middle East: Russian Weapons Sales to the Syrian Arab Republic 1950-2010. (Master's Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, United States). URL: http://repositories.lib.utexas.edu/handle/2152/ETD-UT-2010-12-2508

Silverstein, Shayna Mei (2012, July): Mobilizing Bodies in Syria: Dabke, Popular Culture, and the Politics of Belonging. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Chicago, Chicago, United States). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3513514)

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Abboud, Samer N. (2013): Economic Transformation and Diffusion of Authoritarian Power in Syria. In: Larbi Sadiki; Heiko Wimmen; Layla Al-Zubaidi (Eds.): Democratic Transition in the Middle East: Unmaking Power. Abingdon: Routledge, 159-177.

Abrams, Sam (2013, June): Aiding Opposition Civilian Authority in Syria. Small Wars Journal, 7/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/aiding-opposition-civilian-authority-in-syria

Abu Ahmad. George (2013, Summer): Order, Freedom and Chaos: Sovereignties in Syria. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 47-54. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12019

Adelkah, Nima (2013, February): If Syria is Attacked, will Iran Retaliate? Terrorism Monitor, 11(4), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue04.pdf

al-Gharbi, Musa (2013, Spring): Syria Contextualized: The Numbers Game. Middle East Policy, 20(1), 56-67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12003

Al-Hardan, Anaheed (2012): A Year on: The Palestinians in Syria. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17(1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2720

Allison, Roy (2013, July): Russia and Syria: Explaining Alignment with a Regime in Crisis. International Affairs, 89(4), 795-823. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12046 URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_4/89_4_01_Allison.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2012, November): Jihad in Syria: A Profile of Jabhat al-Nusra. Terrorism Monitor, 10(22), 4-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_010_Issue22_01.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2013, January): Syria Emerges as a New Battlefield for Jordan’s Jihadists. Terrorism Monitor, 11(1), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue01_03.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2013, April): “Obliged to Unite under One Banner”: A Profile of Syria’s Jaysh al-Muhajireen wa’l-Ansar. Terrorism Monitor, 11(8), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue08_01.pdf

al-Shishani, Murad Batal (2013, September): Syrian Jihadists React to the Threat of U.S. Military Intervention. Terrorism Monitor, 11(18), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue18_01.pdf

Álvarez-Ossorio, Ignacio (2013): Evolution and Outlook of the Syrian Crisis. In: European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) (Ed.) (2013): Mediterranean Yearbook 2013. Barcelona: IEMed, 13-17. URL: http://www.iemed.org/observatori-en/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/iemed-2013/Alvarez%20Ossorio%20Syrian%20Crisis%20EN.pdf

Anzalone, Christopher (2013, July): Zaynab’s Guardians: The Emergence of Shi`a Militias in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6(7), 16-21. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss7.pdf

Asseburg, Muriel (2013): Syria’s Civil War: Geopolitical Implications and Scenarios. In: European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) (Ed.) (2013): Mediterranean Yearbook 2013. Barcelona: IEMed, 18-23. URL: http://www.iemed.org/observatori-es/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/iemed-2013/Asseburg%20Syria%20Geopolitical%20Implications%20EN.pdf

Asseburg, Muriel (2013, February): Syrien: Ziviler Protest, Aufstand, Bürgerkrieg und Zukunftsaussichten. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63(8/2013), 11-17. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Awad, Najib George (2012): The Christians and the “Islamist Threat” Theory: Reflections on Syria (1). In: And Freedom Became a Public-Square: Political, Sociological and Religious Overviews on the Arab Christians and the Arabic Spring. (Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte, Vol. 46). Zürich: LIT Verlag, 84-101.

Awad, Najib George (2012): The Christians and the “Islamist Threat” Theory: Reflections on Syria (2). In: And Freedom Became a Public-Square: Political, Sociological and Religious Overviews on the Arab Christians and the Arabic Spring. (Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte, Vol. 46). Zürich: LIT Verlag, 102-122.

Bank, André; Mohns, Erik (2013): Die syrische Revolte. In: Annette Jünemann; Anja Zorob (Eds.): Arabellions: Zur Vielfalt von Protest und Revolte im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika. Wiesbaden: Springer, 85-106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-19273-4_5

Barfi, Barak; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, October 10): Al Qaeda's Syrian Strategy: Can Islamic Jihadists Win Hearts and Minds in the War against Assad? Foreign Policy. URL: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/10/10/al_qaeda_s_syrian_strategy

Bartell, Dawn L.; Gray, David H. (2012, Fall): Conflict in Syria and the Opportunity to Reduce Iran’s Regional Influence and Iran’s Threat to the International Community. Global Security Studies, 3(4), 136-147. URL: http://globalsecuritystudies.com/Bartell%20Syria.pdf

Batrawi, Samar (2013, October): The Dutch Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6(10), 6-10. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss10.pdf

Bickel, Markus (2013, February): Syrien, Iran, Hisbollah, Hamas: Bröckelt die Achse? Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 30-36. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Bishku, Michael B. (2012, Fall): Turkish-Syrian Relations: A Checkered History. Middle East Policy, 19 (3), 36-53. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00546.x

Blanford, Nicholas (2013, August): The Battle for Qusayr: How the Syrian Regime and Hizb Allah Tipped the Balance. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 18-22. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Blank, Laurie R.; Corn, Geoffrey S. (2013, May): Losing the Forest for the Trees: Syria, Law, and the Pragmatics of Conflict Recognition. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 46(3), 693-746. URL: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/jotl/2013/05/losing-the-forest-for-the-trees-syria-law-and-the-pragmatics-of-conflict-recognition/

Carey, Sabine C.; Mitchell, Neil J.; Lowe, Will (2013, March): States, the Security Sector, and the Monopoly of Violence: A New Database on Pro-Government Militias. Journal of Peace Research, 50 (2), 249-258. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343312464881

Carlino, Ludovico (2012, December): Jihadists Exploit Syrian Turmoil as the Islamic State of Iraq Makes a Comeback. Terrorism Monitor, 10 (23), 7-9. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_010_Issue23.pdf

Casula, Philipp (2013, June): Civil War, Revolution or Counter-Insurgency? The Syrian Conflict through Russian Eyes. Russian Analytical Digest, 128, 4-7. URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/165529/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/c74f93a7-c54f-40bc-8bb9-0aa0fae46ad9/en/Russia+in+the+Syrian+Conflict.pdf

Catusse, Myriam (2013): When the Syrian Crisis Sheds Light on the Lebanese Crises. In: European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) (Ed.) (2013): Mediterranean Yearbook 2013. Barcelona: IEMed, 196-199. URL: http://www.iemed.org/observatori-es/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/iemed-2013/Catusse%20Syrian%20Crisis%20Lebanon%20Crisis%20EN.pdf

Coleman, Michael (2013, Summer): The Rising Tide of Syria. Global Security Studies, 4(3), 15-42. URL: http://globalsecuritystudies.com/Coleman%20Syria-AG.pdf

Dahi, Omar S.; Munif, Yasser (2012, August): Revolts in Syria: Tracking the Convergence between Authoritarianism and Neoliberalism. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 47(4), 323-332. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021909611431682

Dawisha, Adeed (2013): Lions and Savages: Syria. In: The Second Arab Awakening: Revolution, Democracy, and the Islamist Challenge from Tunis to Damascus. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 179-204.

Demir, Sertif; Rijnoveanu, Carmen (2013, Summer): The Impact of the Syria Crisis on the Global and Regional Political Dynamics. Türk Dünyası İncelemeleri Dergisi, 8 (1), 55-77. URL: http://www.egeweb.ege.edu.tr/tdid/files/dergi_13/09.pdf

Demirtaş, Birgül (2013, Spring): Turkish-Syrian Relations: From Friend “Esad” to Enemy “Esed”. Middle East Policy, 20 (1), 111-120. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12008

Denselow, James (2012, October): The Syria Balancing Act: Supporting Transition, Avoiding Blowback. CTC Sentinel, 5 (10), 20-22. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/CTCSentinel-Vol5Iss103.pdf

Dettmer, Jamie (2013, July): Syrian Jihadists Struggle for Supremacy in the Armed Opposition. Terrorism Monitor, 11(15), 8-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue15_04.pdf

Donati, Caroline (2013): The Economics of Authoritarian Upgrading in Syria: Liberalization and the Reconfiguration of Economic Networks. In: Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 35-60.

Donker, Teije Hidde (2013): Islamic Social Movements and the Syrian Authoritarian Regime: Shifting Patterns of Control and Accommodation. In: Steven Heydemann; Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 107-126.

Doornbos, Harald; Moussa, Jenan (2013, August 1): Blue-Eyed Jihad: An Exclusive Conversation with European Radicals Fighting for an Islamic State in Syria. Foreign Policy. URL: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08/01/we_will_win_this_fight_european_jihadists_syria

Doran, Michael S.; Shaikh, Salman (2011): Syria: The Ghosts of Hama. In: Kenneth M. Pollack et al. (2011): The Arab Awakening: America and the Transformation of the Middle East. Washington DC: Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution, 230-242.

Dorsey, James M. (2012): Syrian Soccer Star Symbolizes Game’s Importance in Protests. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2721

Dunia, Khawla (2013): And the Demonstrations Go On: Diary of an Unfinished Revolution (Syria). [Translated by Robin Moger]. In: Layla Al-Zubaidi; Matthew Cassel (Eds.): Writing Revolution: The Voices from Tunis to Damascus. London: I.B. Tauris, 179-208.

Düvell, Franck (2013): Turkey, the Syrian Refugee Crisis and the Changing Dynamics of Transit Migration. In: European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) (Ed.) (2013): Mediterranean Yearbook 2013. Barcelona: IEMed, 278-281. URL: http://www.iemed.org/observatori/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/iemed-2013/Duvell%20Turkey%20Syrian%20Refugees%20EN.pdf

Ehteshami, Anoushiravan et al. (2013): Authoritarian Resilience and International Linkages in Iran and Syria. In: Steven Heydemann; Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 222-244.

Emadi, Hafizullah (2011): Requiem for the Baath Party: Struggle for Change and Freedom in Syria. Mediterranean Quarterly, 22 (4), 62-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/10474552-1471512

Fildis, Ayse Tekdal (2012, Summer): Roots of Alawite-Sunni Rivalry in Syria. Middle East Policy, 19(2), 148-156. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00541.x

Fishman, Brian (2007): Fighting Fire with Fire: Destroying the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood. In: James J. F. Forest (Ed.): Countering Terrorism and Insurgency in the 21st Century: International Perspectives. (Vol. 3: Lessons from the Fight against Terrorism). Westport: Praeger Security International, 430-442.

Fishman, Brian (2012, May): The Evidence of Jihadist Activity in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 5 (5), 4-10. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/CTCSentinel-Vol5Iss5.pdf

Gavioli, Riccardo (2012): The Italian Reaction to the Syrian Crisis. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17(1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2718

Gelvin, James L. (2012): Two Surprises: Algeria and Syria. In: The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press, 93-118.

Gerlach, Daniel; Metzger, Nils (2013, February): Männer, die auf Leichen starren: Wie unser Bild vom Krieg in Syrien entsteht. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 3-11. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Greig, J. Michael (2013, April): Intractable Syria? Insights from the Scholarly Literature on the Failure of Mediation. Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs, 2 (1), 48-56. URL: http://elibrary.law.psu.edu/jlia/vol2/iss1/7/

Gudmundson, Per (2013, September): The Swedish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6(9), 5-9. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss9.pdf

Gunter, Michael M. (2013): The Kurdish Spring. Third World Quarterly, 34 (3), 441-457. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2013.785339

Habeeb, William Mark (2012): Syria. In: The Middle East in Turmoil: Conflict, Revolution, and Change. (Hot Spot Histories). Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 181-206.

Hanano, Amal (2013): Framing Syria. In: Iskandar, Adel; Haddad, Bassam (Eds.): Mediating the Arab Uprisings. Washington DC: Tadween Publishing, 58-65.

Hashim, Ahmed S. (2013, March): On the Road to Damascus? Jihadists in the Syrian Civil War. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 5 (3), 11-15. URL: http://www.pvtr.org/pdf/CTTA/2013/CTTA-March13.pdf

Hegghammer, Thomas; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, July 7): How Syria's Civil War Became a Holy Crusade: One of the World's Most Influential Clerics Declares War. Foreign Affairs. URL: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139557/thomas-hegghammer-aaron-y-zelin/how-syrias-civil-war-became-a-holy-crusade

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, March): A Divided Society: The Impact of the Syrian Crisis on Lebanon. Terrorism Monitor, 11(5), 5-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue05_03.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, May): The Counter-Insurgency Role of Syria’s “Popular Committees”. Terrorism Monitor, 11(9), 8-10. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue09.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, May): Syrian Turkmen Join Opposition Forces in Pursuit of a New Syrian Identity. Terrorism Monitor, 11(11), 4-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue11_05.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, September): Kata’ib al-Farouq al-Islamiya: A Key Armed Opposition Group in the Battle to Cut Assad Off from Damascus. Terrorism Monitor, 11(18), 5-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue18_02.pdf

Heras, Nicholas A. (2013, October): The Battle for Syria’s Al-Hasakah Province. CTC Sentinel, 6 (10), 22-25. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss10.pdf

Heydemann, Steven and Reinoud Leenders (2013): Authoritarian Governance in Syria and Iran: Challenged, Reconfiguring, and Resilient. In: Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1-34.

Hinnebusch, Raymond (2012, January): Syria: From “Authoritarian Upgrading” to Revolution? International Affairs, 88 (1), 95-113. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2012.01059.x URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2012/88_1/88_1hinnebusch.pdf

Holtmann, Philipp (2013, June): Syria: A Best Case, a Worst Case and Two Most Likely Scenarios. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7 (3), 135-146. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/275

Hummel, Stephen (2013, September): The Risk of Non-State Actors Acquiring Chemical Weapons in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (9), 1-4. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss9.pdf

Jaeger, Kinan; Tophoven, Rolf (2013, February): Der Syrien-Konflikt: Internationale Akteure, Interessen, Konfliktlinien. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 23-30. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Jamestown Foundation, The (2012, December): A Profile of Syrian Jihadist Omar Bakri Muhammad. Militant Leadership Monitor, 3 (12). URL: http://mlm.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=40259&tx_ttnews[backPid]=591&no_cache=1#.UkGK4deZiOx

Jones, Seth G. (2013): Syria's Growing Jihad. Survival, 55 (4), 53-72. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2013.823034

Joshi, Shashank; Stein, Aaron (2013, February-March): Not Quite “Zero Problems”: Ankara's Troubles in Syria. The RUSI Journal, 158(1), 28-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2013.774637 URL: http://shashankjoshi.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/turkeysyrianato.pdf

Joubin, Rebecca (2012): Buq'at Dau' (Spotlight) Part 9 (2012): Tanfis (Airing), a Democratic Facade, Delayed Retribution, and Artistic Craftiness. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17(2). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2810

Katz, Mark N. (2013, Summer): Russia and the Conflict in Syria: Four Myths. Middle East Policy, 20(2), 38-46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12018

Katz, Mark N. (2013, June): The Impact of the Syrian Conflict on Russian Relations with other Middle Eastern Countries. Russian Analytical Digest, 128, 2-4. URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/165529/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/c74f93a7-c54f-40bc-8bb9-0aa0fae46ad9/en/Russia+in+the+Syrian+Conflict.pdf

Khan, Veryan; Mitzcavitch, Andrew (2013, May): How Terrorists Cooperate: Perspectives on Jabhat al-Nusra’s Links with Al Qaeda. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis, 5 (5), 6-10. URL: http://www.pvtr.org/pdf/CTTA/2013/CTTA-May13.pdf

Khashan, Hilal (2013, Winter): Will Syria’s Strife Rip Lebanon Apart? Middle East Quarterly, 20 (1), 75-80. URL: http://www.meforum.org/3462/syria-civil-war-lebanon

Khashan, Hilal (2013, Spring): Hezbollah’s Plans for Lebanon. Middle East Quarterly, 20 (2), 81-86. URL: http://www.meforum.org/3534/hezbollah-lebanon

Kildron, Lance (2012, Winter): The Libyan Model and Strategy: Why it won't Work in Syria. Journal of Strategic Security, 5(4), 35-50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1944-0472.5.4.3

Kilo, Michel (2013): Syria … The Road to where? In: Khair El-Din Haseeb (Ed.) (2013): The Arab Spring: Critical Analyses. Abingdon: Routledge, 159-172.

Klein, Margarete (2013, March): Russlands Syrienpolitik: Interessen, (Miss)erfolge, Chancen für eine gemeinsame Konfliktlösung. Russland-Analysen, 254, 2-6. URL: http://www.laender-analysen.de/russland/pdf/Russlandanalysen254.pdf

Kozhanov, Nikolay (2013): Russian Support for Assad’s Regime: Is There a Red Line? The International Spectator, 48 (2), 25-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2013.796776

Krech, Hans (2012): Al Qaeda in the Levant and the Civil War in Syria. ORIENT, 3/2012, 45-50.

Landis, Joshua (2012, Spring): The Syrian Uprising of 2011: Why the Asad Regime is Likely to Survive to 2013. Middle East Policy, 19 (1), 72-84. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00524.x

Lang, Jennifer (2013, July): Turkey’s Counterterrorism Response to the Syrian Crisis. Terrorism Monitor, 11(14), 4-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue14_03.pdf

Lange, Katharina (2013, February): Syrien: Ein historischer Überblick. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 37-43. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Leenders, Reinoud (2013): Prosecuting Political Dissent: Courts and the Resilience of Authoritarianism in Syria. In: Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 169-199.

Lefèvre, Raphaël (2013): Between Pragmatism and Radicalism: The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood and the Ba'ath Regime. In: George Joffé (Ed.): Islamist Radicalisation in Europe and the Middle East: Reassessing the Causes of Terrorism. London: I.B. Tauris, 156-180.

Levitt, Matthew (2009, September): Foreign Fighters and their Economic Impact: A Case Study of Syria and al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). Perspectives on Terrorism, 3 (3), 14-24. URL: http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/74

Levitt, Matthew (2010, Winter): Syria's Financial Support for Jihad. Middle East Quarterly, 17(1), 39-48. URL: http://www.meforum.org/2579/syria-financial-support-jihad

Levitt, Matthew; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, August): Hizb Allah’s Gambit in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 14-17. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Lister, Charles (2013, August 29): New Fears for Syria’s Jihadists. The Middle East Channel. URL: http://mideast.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/08/29/new_fears_for_syria_s_jihadists

Lister, Charles (2013, September 9): Syria's Insurgency beyond Good Guys and Bad Guys. The Middle East Channel. URL: http://mideast.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/09/09/syrias_insurgency_beyond_good_guys_and_bad_guys

Lister, Charles; Smyth, Phillip (2013, October 31): Syria's Multipolar War. The Middle East Channel. URL: http://mideast.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/10/31/syrias_multipolar_war

Lund, Aron (2012, October 15): Holy Warriors: A Field Guide to Syria's Jihadi Groups. Foreign Policy. URL: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/15/holy_warriors

Lund, Aron (2013, August): The Non-State Militant Landscape in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 23-28. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Ma’ayeh, Suha Philip (2013, October): Jordanian Jihadists Active in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (10), 10-12. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss10.pdf

Mohns, Erik; Bank, André (2012, Fall): Syrian Revolt Fallout: End of the Resistance Axis? Middle East Policy, 19 (3), 25-35. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00545.x

Morris, Justin (2013, September): Libya and Syria: R2P and the Spectre of the Swinging Pendulum. International Affairs, 89(5), 1265-1283. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12071 URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/public/International%20Affairs/2013/89_5/89_5morris.pdf

Mousa, Salma (2012): To Protest or not to Protest? The Christian Predicament in the Syrian Uprising. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (2). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2802

Mucha, Witold (2013): Does Counterinsurgency Fuel Civil War? Peru and Syria Compared. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 6 (1), 140-166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17539153.2013.765704

Murray, Donette (2013): Military Action but not as we Know it: Libya, Syria and the Making of an Obama Doctrine. Contemporary Politics, 19 (2), 146-166. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2013.785827

Napolitano, Valentina (2013, Fall): Hamas and the Syrian Uprising: A Difficult Choice. Middle East Policy, 20 (3), 73-85. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12034

Nepstad, Sharon Erickson (2013, May): Mutiny and Nonviolence in the Arab Spring: Exploring Military Defections and Loyalty in Egypt, Bahrain, and Syria. Journal of Peace Research, 50 (3), 337-349. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022343313476529

Noueihed, Lin; Warren, Alex (2012): The Struggle for Syria. In: The Battle for the Arab Spring: Revolution, Counter-Revolution and the Making of a New Era. New Haven: Yale University Press, 215-242.

Oehring, Otmar (2013, September): Die syrische Flüchtlingskrise als Folge des ungelösten Syrien-Konflikts. KAS Auslandsinformationen, 9/2013, 67-85. URL: http://www.kas.de/wf/de/33.35435/

O’Leary, Carole A.and Nicholas A. Heras. (2013, June): The Tribal Factor in Syria’s Rebellion: A Survey of Armed Tribal Groups in Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 11(13), 10-13. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue13_03.pdf

Panikoff, Jonathan (2013, May): Syria: The True Chaos will Begin after the Fall of the Regime. Small Wars Journal, 5/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/syria-the-true-chaos-will-begin-after-the-fall-of-the-regime

Pantucci, Raffaello (2012, November): China Claims Uyghur Militants are Seeking a Syrian Battlefield. Terrorism Monitor, 10(22), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_010_Issue22_01.pdf

Pantucci, Raffaello (2013, February): British Fighters Joining the War in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6(2), 11-15. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss2.pdf

Paust, Jordan J. (2013, April): Use of Military Force in Syria by Turkey, NATO, and the United States. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, 34 (2), 431-446. URL: https://www.law.upenn.edu/live/files/2062-paust34upajintll4312012pdf

Perliger, Arie (2013, August): Israel’s Response to the Crisis in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 9-11. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Phillips, Christopher (2012): Syria's Torment. Survival, 54 (4), 67-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2012.709389

Phillips, Christopher (2013): The Civil War in Syria: The Variety of Opposition to the Syrian Regime. In: European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) (Ed.) (2013): Mediterranean Yearbook 2013. Barcelona: IEMed, 24-29. URL: http://www.iemed.org/observatori/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/iemed-2013/Phillips%20Opposition%20to%20Syrian%20Regime%20EN.pdf

Pierret, Thomas (2013): The State Management of Religion in Syria: The End of "Indirect Rule"? In: Steven Heydemann; Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 83-106.

Pope, Hugh (2013, August): Turkey’s Tangled Syria Policy. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 4-8. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Price, Bryan (2013, August): Syria: A Wicked Problem for All. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 1-4. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, June): Tweeting for the Caliphate: Twitter as the New Frontier for Jihadist Propaganda. CTC Sentinel, 6(6), 19-23. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss6.pdf

Rehman, Zia Ur (2013, September): Pakistani Fighters Joining the War in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6(9), 9-11. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss9.pdf

Rosiny, Stephan (2013): Diktaturen, Bürgerkriege und Machtteilung in fragmentierten Gesellschaften: Syrien, Bahrain, Libanon und Irak im Vergleich. In: Thorsten Gerald Schneiders (Ed.): Der Arabische Frühling: Hintergründe und Analysen. Wiesbaden: Springer, 65-79. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-01174-1_4

Rosiny, Stephan (2013): Syrien: Vom Bürgerkrieg zum regionalen Flächenbrand? GIGA Focus Nahost, 8/2013. URL: http://www.giga-hamburg.de/de/system/files/publications/gf_nahost_1308.pdf

Rosiny, Stephan (2013, Fall): Power Sharing in Syria: Lessons from Lebanon's Taif Experience. Middle East Policy, 20 (3), 41-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12031

Rubin, Michael (2010, Winter): Syria's Path to Islamist Terror. Middle East Quarterly, 17(1), 27-37. URL: http://www.meforum.org/2513/syria-islamist-terrorism

Saab, Bilal Y. (2013, July): The Syrian Spillover and Salafist Radicalization in Lebanon. CTC Sentinel, 6 (7), 8-12. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss7.pdf

Sadjadpour, Karim (2013, August): Iran’s Unwavering Support to Assad’s Syria. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 11-13. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Said, Salam (2013, February): Gesellschaftliche und sozioökonomische Entwicklung Syriens. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 49-55. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Salama, Vivian (2012, October): Covering Syria. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 17 (4), 516-526. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1940161212456774

Savelsberg, Eva (2013): The Kurdish Factor in the Syrian Revolution. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 18 (1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2858

Scadlock, Ryan (2013, June): Fracture Lines: The Evaluating the Possibility of a Sectarian Future for Syria. Small Wars Journal, 6/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/fracture-lines-the-evaluating-the-possibility-of-a-sectarian-future-for-syria

Schneiders, Thorsten Gerald (2013): Der Arabische Frühling in Syrien: Hintergründe, Strukturen, Akteure. In: Thorsten Gerald Schneiders (Ed.): Der Arabische Frühling: Hintergründe und Analysen. Wiesbaden: Springer, 231-252. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-01174-1_14

Schumann, Christoph; Jud, Andrea (2013, February): Staatliche Ordnung und politische Identitäten in Syrien. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63(8/2013), 44-49. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Seeberg, Peter (2013): The Arab Uprisings and the EU's Migration Policies: The Cases of Egypt, Libya, and Syria. Democracy and Security, 9 (1-2), 157-176. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17419166.2013.747909

Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed (2013, July-September): Reforms and Emerging Noncommunicable Disease: Some Challenges Facing a Conflict-Ridden Country: The Case of the Syrian Arab Republic. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 28 (3), 290-302. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpm.2193

Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser (2013): Syria: Effects of Conflict and Sanctions on Public Health. Journal of Public Health, 35 (2), 195-199. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fds090

Shammas, Michal (2013): Die Christen Syriens und ihre Angst vor Veränderung. In: Thorsten Gerald Schneiders (Ed.): Der Arabische Frühling: Hintergründe und Analysen. Wiesbaden: Springer, 181-190. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-01174-1_11

Simon, Steven et al. (2013, Fall): Symposium: The Crisis in Syria: What are the Stakes for its Neighbors? Middle East Policy, 20(3), 1-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12029 URL: http://www.thechicagocouncil.org/UserFiles/File/Conferences/symposium_crisisinsyria_nkhoury.pdf

Simpson, Charles (2011, Winter): Assessing the Arab Spring in Libya and Syria: A Compilation of Varying Statements from Key Actors. Connections, 11(1), 55-67. URL: https://pfpconsortium.org/de/journal-issue/connections-quarterly-journal-winter-2011

Smyth, Phillip (2013, Summer): The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC) and the Syrian Civil War. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 17 (2), 55-72. URL: http://www.gloria-center.org/2013/08/the-popular-front-for-the-liberation-of-palestine-general-command-pflp-gc-and-the-syrian-civil-war/

Smyth, Phillip (2013, August): From Karbala to Sayyida Zaynab: Iraqi Fighters in Syria’s Shi`a Militias. CTC Sentinel, 6 (8), 28-32. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss8.pdf

Sorenson, David S. (2013, Autumn): US Options in Syria. Parameters, 43 (3), 5-15. URL: http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/issues/Autumn_2013/1_Sorenson.pdf

Spyer, Jonathan (2012, Fall): Syrian Regime Strategy and the Syrian Civil War. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 16 (3). URL: http://www.gloria-center.org/2012/11/syrian-regime-strategy-and-the-syrian-civil-war/

Stanton, Andrea L. (2012): Visual Aspects of the Syrian Revolution. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2722

Starr, Stephen (2012, November): Shabiha Militias and the Destruction of Syria. CTC Sentinel, 5 (11-12), 12-14. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/CTCSentinel-Vol5Iss11-125.pdf

Stern, Moran; Ross, Dennis (2013, Summer-Fall): The Role of Syria in Israeli-Turkish Relations. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 14 (2), 115-128. URL: https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/opeds/Ross20130731-GeorgetownJournal.pdf

Szanto, Edith (2012): “Syria Love”: Watching Syrian Propaganda in Iraq. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (2). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2806

Taheri, Amir (2013): Has the Time Come for Military Intervention in Syria? American Foreign Policy Interests, 35 (4), 217-220. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803920.2013.822756

Talhamy, Yvette (2012, Spring): The Muslim Brotherhood Reborn: The Syrian Uprising. Middle East Quarterly, 19 (2), 33-40. URL: http://www.meforum.org/3198/syria-muslim-brotherhood

Taşpınar, Ömer (2012, Summer): Turkey's Strategic Vision and Syria. The Washington Quarterly, 35 (3), 127-140. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2012.706519 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/twq12SummerTaspinar.pdf

Tawil, Camille (2013, March): Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Calls on North African Jihadists to Fight in Sahel, not Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 11(6), 5-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue06_02.pdf

Terc, Mandy (2012): “Our Real Educated People:” Neoliberalism and Syria’s New Elites. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (2). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2804

Thakur, Ramesh (2013, Spring): R2P after Libya and Syria: Engaging Emerging Powers. The Washington Quarterly, 36 (2), 61-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2013.791082 URL: http://csis.org/files/publication/TWQ_13Spring_Thakur.pdf

Thomas, Andrew (2013, Fall): “Pariah States” and Sanctions: The Case of Syria. Middle East Policy, 20 (3), 27-40. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mepo.12030

Troyansky, Vladimir (2012): Russia’s Support for al-Asad’s Syria: Reasons Old and New. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 1 7(1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2710

United States Military Academy, Defense and Strategic Studies Division (2013, September): West Point’s Defense and Strategic Studies “War Council” Series. Small Wars Journal, 9/2013. URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/west-point%E2%80%99s-defense-and-strategic-studies-%E2%80%9Cwar-council%E2%80%9D-series

van Dam, Nikolaos (2013): Closing the Dutch Institutes in Bilad al-Sham. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 18 (1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2845

van Wilgenburg, Wladimir (2013, July): Kurdish Rebels Look to Form Transitional Government in Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 11(15), 5-6. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue15_03.pdf

Wallsh, David (2013, Summer): Syrian Alliance Strategy in the Post-Cold War Era: The Impact of Unipolarity. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 37 (2), 107-123. URL: http://www.fletcherforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Wallsh-37-2.pdf

Watenpaugh, Keith David; Fricke, Adrienne; Siegel, Tara (2013): Excerpt from: Uncounted and Unacknowledged: Syria’s Refugee University Students and Academics in Jordan. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 18 (1). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2874

Weiss, Max (2013): Who Laughs Last: Literary Transformations of Syrian Authoritarianism. In: Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders (Eds.): Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 143-168.

Wieland, Carsten (2013, February): Das politisch-ideologische System Syriens und dessen Zerfall. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63(8/2013), 55-62. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2012, July): Information Wars: Assessing the Social Media Battlefield in Syria. CTC Sentinel, 5(7), 19-21. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/CTCSentinel-Vol5Iss7.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2012, November): Hizb Allah’s Role in the Syrian Uprising. CTC Sentinel, 5 (11-12), 14-17. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/CTCSentinel-Vol5Iss11-125.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2013, April): Ahrar al-Sham: A Profile of Northern Syria’s al-Qaeda Surrogate. Terrorism Monitor, 11(7), 4-5. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue07_02.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2013, May): Lebanese Salafist Cleric Organizes Militia Forays into Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 11(10), 6-7. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue10_01.pdf

Zambelis, Chris (2013, August): Royal Rivalry in the Levant: Saudi Arabia and Qatar Duel over Syria. Terrorism Monitor, 11(16), 9-12. URL: http://www.jamestown.org/uploads/media/TM_011_Issue16_02.pdf

Zein, Huda (2013, February): Identitäten und Interessen der syrischen Oppositionellen. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 63 (8/2013), 17-23. URL: http://www.bpb.de/system/files/dokument_pdf/APuZ_2013-08_online.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, February): Deciphering the Jihadist Presence in Syria: An Analysis of Martyrdom Notices. CTC Sentinel, 6 (2), 7-10. URL: http://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/CTCSentinel-Vol6Iss2.pdf

Ziadeh, Radwan (2012): The Remnants of the Assad Regime. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, 17 (2). URL: https://ojcs.siue.edu/ojs/index.php/ssa/article/view/2799

Ziadeh, Radwan et al. (2012, Fall): Crisis in Syria: What are the U.S. Options? Middle East Policy, 19 (3), 1-24. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00544.x

Zisser, Eyal (2013, Spring): Can Assad's Syria Survive Revolution? Middle East Quarterly, 20 (2), 65-71. URL: http://www.meforum.org/3529/assad-syria-revolution

Grey Literature

Abboud. Samer (2013, August): Syria's Business Elite: Between Political Alignment and Hedging their Bets. (SWP Comments 2013/C 22). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/syrias_business_elite.html

Abramowitz, Morton I.; Edelman, Eric S. (2013, April): U.S.-Turkish Cooperation toward a Post-Assad Syria. (BPC’s Turkey Task Force Paper). URL: http://bipartisanpolicy.org/sites/default/files/BPC%20US-Turkey-Syria.pdf

Abrams, Elliott (2013, July): The Security Situation in the Syrian Arab Republic: Implications for U.S. National Security and U.S. Policy Options. Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Committee, United States House of Representatives, 1st Session, 113th Congress. URL: http://www.cfr.org/syria/security-situation-syrian-arab-republic-implications-us-national-security-us-policy-options/p31115

Al-Saleh, Asaad; White, Loren (2013, June): Dissecting an Evolving Conflict: The Syrian Uprising and the Future of the Country. (ISPU / NAF Report). URL: http://newamerica.net/publications/policy/dissecting_an_evolving_conflict

Al-Zubaidi, Layla; Khoury, Doreen; Atassi, Mohammad Ali (Eds.) (2012, February): Syria's Revolution: Society, Power, Ideology. (Heinrich Böll Stiftung Middle East Office, Perspectives, No. 3). URL: http://www.lb.boell.org/web/52-705.html

Amnesty International (2012, August): Syria: All-Out Repression: Purging Dissent in Aleppo, Syria. (Report MDE 24/061/2012). URL: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE24/061/2012

Analysis Intelligence (2013, March 1): Guide to Syrian Rebel Media Spokespeople and PR. URL: http://analysisintelligence.com/geopolitics/guide-to-syrian-rebel-leadership-and-pr/

Analysis Intelligence (2013, September 17): Update on Syrian Rebel Media Coordinators. URL: http://analysisintelligence.com/intelligence-analysis/syrian-rebel-media-coordinators-update/

Anderson, Kenneth (2013, August): Legality of Intervention in Syria in Response to Chemical Weapon Attacks. (ASIL Insights, Vol. 17, Iss. 21). URL: http://www.asil.org/insights/volume/17/issue/21/legality-intervention-syria-response-chemical-weapon-attacks

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2011, May): The General and the Particular in the Ongoing Syrian Popular Uprising. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/2b204584-1b7d-4caa-9495-e6eb07a7c136

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2012, January): Effects of Sanctions on Syria’s Macroeconomy in 2012. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/a1eeff9a-1022-4e09-aaaf-fb27e7c454a7

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2012, February): The Positions of the Syrian Opposition. (Policy Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/a26839b3-5f87-4757-8e5d-ce4576ebbd80

Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies (ACRPS) (2013, January): Deadly Neighbors: Jdaidet al-Fadl: A Paradigm for Sectarian Genocide in the Damascus Region. (Case Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/e0405347-d2fc-4b34-9b8a-7ad3d9abae0a

Asseburg, Muriel; Wimmen, Heiko (2012, December): Civil War in Syria: External Actors and Interests as Drivers of Conflict. (SWP Comments 2012/C 43). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/civil_war_in_syria_external_drivers_of_conflict.html

Baczko, Adam; Dorronsoro, Gilles; Quesnay, Arthur (2013, April): Building a Syrian State in a Time of Civil War. (The Carnegie Papers, CP 175). URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/04/16/building-syrian-state-in-time-of-civil-war/fzrk

Badran, Tony (2013, June): Washington’s Syria Policy. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, on June 5, 2013. URL: http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/testimony-the-white-houses-syria-policy/

Barfi, Barak (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130522/100901/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-BarfiB-20130522.pdf

Becker, Petra (2013): Syrian Muslim Brotherhood Still a Crucial Actor: Inclusivity the Order of the Day in Dealings with Syria’s Opposition. (SWP Comments 2013/C 34). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/syrian_muslim_brotherhood_still_a_crucial_actor.html

Benotman, Noman and Blake, Roisin (2013, January): Jabhat al-Nusra li-ahl al-Sham min Mujahedi al-Sham fi Sahat al-Jihad: A Strategic Briefing. (Quilliam Strategic Briefing). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/jabhat-al-nusra-a-strategic-briefing.pdf

Benotman, Noman and Naseraldin, Emad (2012, September): The Jihadist Network in the Syrian Revolution: A Strategic Briefing. (Quilliam Concept Paper). URL: http://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/the-jihadist-network-in-the-syrian-revolution.pdf

Berman, Asher (2012, October): Syrian Rebel Use of Social Media. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East Media Monitor). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2012/10/syrian-rebel-use-social-media

Borghard, Erica D. (2013, August): Arms and Influence in Syria: The Pitfalls of Greater U.S. Involvement. (CATO Institute Policy Analysis No. 734). URL: http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/arms-influence-syria-pitfalls-greater-us-involvement

Briscoe, Ivan; Janssen, Floor; Smits, Rosan (2012, November): Stability and Economic Recovery after Assad: Key Steps for Syria’s Post-Conflict Transition. (Clingendael Institute Report No. 2). URL: http://www.clingendael.nl/publication/stability-and-economic-recovery-after-assad-key-steps-syrias-post-conflict-transition

Brookings Doha Center (BDC) (2013, June): The Challenge of Syrian Unity: Reassuring Local Communities and Framing National Consensus. (Syria Workshop Series Paper). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/06/06-challenge-syrian-unity

Brown, Kevin (2013, May): The Syrian Crisis of 1957: A Lesson for the 21st Century. (CPD Perspectives on Public Diplomacy, Paper 4, 2013). URL: http://uscpublicdiplomacy.org/publications/perspectives/CPDPerspectives_Paper42013_Syria.pdf

Byman, Daniel L. et al. (2012, March): Saving Syria: Assessing Options for Regime Change. (Saban Center Middle East Memo #21). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2012/03/15-syria-saban

Cardash, Sharon L.; Cilluffo, Frank J.; Marret, Jean-Luc (2013, August): Foreign Fighters in Syria: Still Doing Battle, Still a Multidimensional Danger. (FRS note n°24/13). URL: http://www.frstrategie.org/barreFRS/publications/notes/2013/201324.pdf

Chatham House (2012, August): Syria: Prospects for Intervention. (Meeting Summary). URL: http://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/papers/view/185299

Cobankiat, Randolph (2012, August-September): Addressing the Syrian Crisis Stalemate: How will it End? (RIEAS Research Paper No. 159). URL: http://www.rieas.gr/images/rieas159.pdf

Committeri, Camilla (2012, October): When Domestic Factors Prevail Upon Foreign Ambitions: Russia’s Strategic Game in Syria. (IAI Working Papers, 12 | 26). URL: http://www.iai.it/pdf/DocIAI/iaiwp1226.pdf

Dalton, Melissa G. (2012, September): Asad Under Fire: Five Scenarios for the Future of Syria. (CNAS Policy Brief). URL: http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/CNAS_AsadUnderFire_Dalton.pdf

Djerejian, Edward P.; Bowen, Andrew (2013, March): Syria at the Crossroads: U.S. Policy and Recommendations for the Way Forward. (James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy Paper). URL: http://www.bakerinstitute.org/publications/BI-pub-SyriaReport-031813.pdf

Droz-Vincent, Philippe (2012, April): The “Dark Side” of the Syrian Transition and its Potentially Dire Regional Consequences. (NOREF Policy Brief). URL: http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/816eb6ee5fb3b2088cc405c9d6e5dec8.pdf

Eeckelaert, Rouba Al-Fattal (2012, June): Electoral System in Future Syria. (SRCC Policy Paper). URL: http://www.strescom.org/research/policy-papers/item/106-electoral-system-in-future-syria.html

Engle, Eric (2012, July): Humanitarian Intervention and Syria: Russia, the United States, and International Law. (Working Paper). URL: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2115191

Erkmen, Serhat (2012, August): Kurdish Movements in Syria. (ORSAM Report No. 127). URL: http://www.orsam.org.tr/en/showReport.aspx?ID=1859

Fargues, Philippe; Fandrich, Christine (2012): The European Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis: What Next? (MPC Research Report 2012/14). URL: http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC%202012%2014.pdf

Fontaine, Richard et al. (2013, August): The Way Forward in Syria. (CNAS Commentaries). URL: http://mercury.ethz.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/169041/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/9e224579-f184-4f32-aa1c-f5a502187cc5/en/CNAS_Syria_Commentaries_0.pdf

Friberg Lyme, Rune (2012): Sanctioning Assad’s Syria: Mapping the Economic, Socioeconomic and Political Repercussions of the International Sanctions Imposed on Syria since March 2011. (DIIS Report 2012:13). URL: http://subweb.diis.dk/sw124424.asp

Gambill, Gary C. (2013, August): Arms for Peace in Syria? (FPRI E-Notes). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2013/08/arms-peace-syria

Ghani, Ashraf; Lockhart, Clare (2013, July): Preparing for a Syrian Transition: Trust Funds: Lessons from the Past, Thinking for the Future. (Legatum Institute / Institute for State Effectiveness Memo). URL: http://www.li.com/publications/preparing-for-a-syrian-transition-trust-funds-%28memo%29

Günay, Cengiz (2012, October): Interdependenzen: Wie die Dynamiken des Syrienkonfliktes den Demokratisierungsprozess in der Türkei gefährden. (oiip Policy Paper 10/2012). URL: http://www.oiip.ac.at/publikationen/policy-paper/publikationen-detail/article/93/interdependenzen-wie-die-dynamiken-des-syrienkonfliktes-den-demokratisierungsprozess-in-der-tuerkei.html

Hammoud, Tariq (2013, February): Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Revolution. (ACRPS Research Paper). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/14e232ac-6d57-4de7-b38e-79c1f3287231

Hassan, Salah (2012, October): Palestinians in Syria and the Syrian Uprising. (ACRPS Case Analysis). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/file/get/42bbd969-e593-45be-a4ff-cc55113be56c.pdf

Helfont, Tally (2011, November): Jordan’s Quandary over Syria. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East Media Monitor). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2011/11/jordans-quandary-over-syria

Heydemann, Steven (2013, May): Syria's Uprising: Sectarianism, Regionalisation, and State Order in the Levant. (FRIDE Working Paper No. 119). URL: http://fride.org/publication/1127/syria%27s-uprising:-sectarianism,-regionalisation,-and-state-order-in-the-levant

Human Rights Watch (2013, October): “You Can Still See their Blood”: Executions, Indiscriminate Shootings, and Hostage Taking by Opposition Forces in Latakia Countryside. (Report). URL: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2013/10/10/you-can-still-see-their-blood

IntelCenter (2013, February): Rebel Logo ID Guide for Syria. v1.0. (Analytical Report). URL: http://www.intelcenter.com/reports/IntelCenter-SyrianRebel-LogoIDGuide-v1-0-17Feb2013.pdf

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) / Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) (2012, July): A Full-Scale Displacement and Humanitarian Crisis with no Solutions in Sight. (Report). URL: http://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/syria

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, March): Now or Never: A Negotiated Transition for Syria. (Middle East Briefing N°32). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/B032-now-or-never-a-negotiated-transition-for-syria.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, April): Syria’s Phase of Radicalisation. (Middle East Briefing N°33). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/b033-syrias-phase-of-radicalisation.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, August): Syria’s Mutating Conflict. (Middle East Report N°128). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/128-syrias-mutating-conflict.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, October): Tentative Jihad: Syria’s Fundamentalist Opposition. (Middle East Report N°131). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/131-tentative-jihad-syrias-fundamentalist-opposition.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2012, November): A Precarious Balancing Act: Lebanon and the Syrian Conflict. (Middle East Report N°132). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/lebanon/132-a-precarious-balancing-act-lebanon-and-the-syrian-conflict.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, January): Syria’s Kurds: A Struggle within a Struggle. (Middle East Report N°136). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/136-syrias-kurds-a-struggle-within-a-struggle.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, April): Blurring the Borders: Syrian Spillover Risks for Turkey. (Europe Report N°225). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/europe/turkey-cyprus/turkey/225-blurring-the-borders-syrian-spillover-risks-for-turkey.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, May): Too Close for Comfort: Syrians in Lebanon. (Middle East Report N°141). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/lebanon/141-too-close-for-comfort-syrians-in-lebanon.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, June): Syria’s Metastasising Conflicts. (Middle East Report N°143). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/143-syrias-metastasising-conflicts.aspx

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2013, October): Anything but Politics: The State of Syria’s Political Opposition. (Middle East Report N°146). URL: http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/middle-east-north-africa/egypt-syria-lebanon/syria/146-anything-but-politics-the-state-of-syria-s-political-opposition.aspx

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)'s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (2012, November): Evidence of the Influx into Syria of Foreign Jihadist Fighters. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/ResearchPublications/JihadiWebsitesMonitoring/JWMGInsights/tabid/320/Articlsid/1132/currentpage/1/Default.aspx

International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)'s Jihadi Websites Monitoring Group (2013, July): An Analysis of Two Attacks by the Al-Nusra Front in Syria. (JWMG Insights). URL: http://www.ict.org.il/ResearchPublications/JihadiWebsitesMonitoring/JWMGInsights/tabid/320/Articlsid/1196/currentpage/1/Default.aspx

Iyengar, Radha; Fishman, Brian (2013, March): The Conflict in Syria: An Assessment of US Strategic Interests. (NAF Policy Paper). URL: http://newamerica.net/publications/policy/the_conflict_in_syria

Jones, Seth G. (2013, May): The Terrorist Threat from Syria. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. (RAND Testimonies, CT-388). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT388.html

Joscelyn, Thomas (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130522/100901/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-JoscelynT-20130522.pdf

Joscelyn, Thomas (2013, September): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Committee on Homeland Security, United States Congress, on September 10, 2013. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM00/20130910/101297/HHRG-113-HM00-Wstate-JoscelynT-20130910.pdf

Kemp, Richard et al. (2012, July): A Collision Course for Intervention. (RUSI Syria Crisis Briefing). URL: http://www.rusi.org/analysis/commentary/ref:C500F639757A57/#.Uklt2teZiOw

Khoury, Doreen (2013, February): Losing the Syrian Grassroots: Local Governance Structures Urgently Need Support. (SWP Comments 2013/C 09). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publications/swp-comments-en/swp-aktuelle-details/article/losing_the_syrian_grassroots.html

Lang, Tobias; Günay, Cengiz (2011, November): Regionale Auswirkungen der Entwicklungen in Syrien am Beispiel des Libanon. (oiip Policy Paper 2011/3). URL: http://www.oiip.ac.at/publikationen/policy-paper/publikationen-detail/browse/1/article/93/regionale-auswirkungen-der-entwicklungen-in-syrien-am-beispiel-des-libanon.html

Laub, Zachary; Masters, Jonathan (2013, September): Syria's Crisis and the Global Response. (CFR Backgrounder). URL: http://www.cfr.org/syria/syrias-crisis-global-response/p28402

Lefèvre, Raphaël (2013, May): The Muslim Brotherhood Prepares for a Comeback in Syria. (The Carnegie Papers, CP 182). URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/05/15/muslim-brotherhood-prepares-for-comeback-in-syria/g3hz

Lund, Aron (2012, September): Syrian Jihadism. (UI Brief No. 13). URL: http://www.ui.se/upl/files/77409.pdf

Lund, Aron (2013): Syria's Salafi Insurgents: The Rise of the Syrian Islamic Front. (UI Occasional Paper #17). URL: http://www.ui.se/eng/upl/files/86861.pdf

Lund, Aron (2013, May): Struggling to Adapt: The Muslim Brotherhood in a New Syria. (The Carnegie Papers, CP 181). URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/05/07/struggling-to-adapt-muslim-brotherhood-in-new-syria/g2qm

Lynch, Marc (2012, February): Pressure not War: A Pragmatic and Principled Policy towards Syria. (CNAS Policy Brief). URL: http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/CNAS_PressureNotWar_Lynch.pdf

MacDonald, Norine et al. (2012, December): Syria: A Way Forward. (ICOS Report). URL: http://www.icosgroup.net/2012/report/syria-a-way-forward/

Mahfudh, `Aqeel (2012, February): Syria and Turkey: A Turning Point or a Historical Bet? (ACRPS Research Papers). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/76083ffb-37aa-4145-b325-74888156a54d

Malmvig, Helle (2013, August): Ambiguous Endings: Middle East Regional Security in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings and the Syrian Civil War. (DIIS Report 2013:23). URL: http://en.diis.dk/home/news/2013/ambiguous+endings+arab+uprisings+syria

Martini, Jeffrey; York, Erin; Young, William (2013): Syria as an Arena of Strategic Competition. (RAND Research Reports, RR-213). URL: http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR213.html

Masters, Jonathan; Laub, Zachary (2013, October): Al-Qaeda in Iraq (a.k.a. Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria). (CFR Backgrounder). URL: http://www.cfr.org/iraq/al-qaeda-iraq-k-islamic-state-iraq-greater-syria/p14811

McCants, William et al. (2013, September): Aiding Civilians in a Sectarian Conflict: Can Assistance to Syria Heal without Harm? (The Brookings Institution Panel Discussion Proceedings). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/events/2013/9/23%20syria%20civilian%20aid/20130923_aiding%20civilians_transcript.pdf

Meier, Oliver (2013, June): Chemiewaffen in Syrien: Wie sich die Bedrohung verringern lässt. (SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 36). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/chemiewaffen_in_syrien.html

Mohamed, Saira (2012, March): The U.N. Security Council and the Crisis in Syria. (ASIL Insights, Vol. 16, Iss. 11). URL: http://www.asil.org/insights/volume/16/issue/11/un-security-council-and-crisis-syria

Naftalin, Mark; Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012, September): Rebels and Refugees: Syrians in Southern Turkey. (PRIO Policy Brief 10/2012). URL: http://www.prio.no/Publications/Publication/?x=5200

Nahar, Hazem (2012, January): The Discourse and Performance of the Syrian Opposition: Since the Beginning of the Revolution. (Heinrich Böll Stiftung Middle East Office Study). URL: http://www.lb.boell.org/web/52-788.html

Naufal, Hala (2012): Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: The Humanitarian Approach under Political Divisions. (MPC Research Report 2012/13). URL: http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/docs/MPC%202012%2013.pdf

Nerguizian, Aram (2011, December): Assessing the Risks of Military Intervention. (CSIS Working Draft). URL: http://csis.org/publication/instability-syria

Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Kerr, Paul K.; Feickert, Andrew (2013, September): Syria’s Chemical Weapons: Issues for Congress. (CRS Report for Congress R42848). URL: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/R42848.pdf

Orhan, Oytun (2012, August): Syrian Christians in the Dilemma of Chaos and Authoritarianism. (Orsam Foreign Policy Analysis). URL: http://www.orsam.org.tr/en/showArticle.aspx?ID=1858

O’Sullivan, Niamh Maria (2012, August): The Moral Enigma of an Intervention in Syria: A Just War Analysis. (IAI Working Papers, 12 | 22). URL: http://www.iai.it/pdf/DocIAI/iaiwp1222.pdf

Popp, Roland (2012, November): The Syrian Civil War: Between Escalation and Intervention. [Translated by Christopher Findlay]. (CSS Analysis in Security Policy No. 124). URL: http://www.css.ethz.ch/publications/pdfs/CSS-Analysis-124-EN.pdf

Portela, Clara (2012, September): The EU’s Sanctions against Syria: Conflict Management by Other Means. (Egmont Security Policy Brief No. 38). URL: http://www.egmontinstitute.be/papers/12/sec-gov/SPB38.pdf

Prucha, Nico; and Ali Fisher (2013, April 27): Jihadi Twitter Activism: Introduction. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/jihadi-twitter-activism-introduction/

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, May 13): Jihadi Twitter Activism Part 2: Jabhat al-Nusra on the Twittersphere. Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/jihadi-twitter-activism-part-2-jabhat-al-nusra-on-the-twittersphere/#more-1746

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, August 20): The “Who’s Who” of the Most Important Jihadi Accounts on Twitter? Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/the-%E2%80%98who%E2%80%99s-who%E2%80%99-of-the-most-important-jihadi-accounts-on-twitter/

Prucha, Nico and Ali Fisher (2013, September 4): 66 Important Jihadist Twitter Accounts (Part 2). Jihadica. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/66-important-jihadist-twitter-accounts-part-2/

Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) (2012, March): Planning for Syria’s “Day After”: Security, Rule of Law & Democracy. (Policy Planning Paper). URL: http://publicinternationallawandpolicygroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/PILPG-Report-Planning-for-Syrias-Day-After.pdf

Qabalan, Marwan (2013, August): The Armed Syrian Opposition: Common Aim but no Vision. (ACRPS Research Paper). URL: http://english.dohainstitute.org/release/4bd15c98-978f-427c-9856-3cb727a56f5b

Rabinovich, Itamar (2012, November): Israel’s View of the Syrian Crisis. (Saban Center Analysis Paper Series, No. 28). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2012/11/israel-syria-rabinovich

Saleh, Layla (2013, May): Syrian Perceptions of U.S. Intervention in Syria. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East Media Monitor). URL: http://www.fpri.org/docs/MEMM_2013_05_Saleh_-_Syria.pdf

Salem, Paul (2012, December): Can Lebanon Survive the Syrian Crisis? (The Carnegie Papers, CMEC 35). URL: http://carnegieendowment.org/2012/12/11/can-lebanon-survive-syrian-crisis/escs

Sayigh, Yezid (2013, April): The Syrian Opposition’s Leadership Problem. (The Carnegie Papers, CMEC 39). URL: http://carnegie-mec.org/2013/04/03/syrian-opposition-s-leadership-problem/fx6u

Schaller, Christian (2013, September): Der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien, der Giftgas-Einsatz und das Völkerrecht. (SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 54). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/syrien_buergerkrieg_giftgas_einsatz_voelkerrecht.html

Shaikh, Salman (2012, October): Losing Syria (and how to Avoid it). (BDC Publications, No. 17). URL: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2012/10/18-losing-syria-shaikh

Sharp, Jeremy M.; Blanchard, Christopher M. (2013, September): Armed Conflict in Syria: Background and U.S. Response. (CRS Report RL33487). URL: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33487.pdf

Simcox, Robin (2013, May): n.t. Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence, on May 22, 2013. URL: http://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM05/20130522/100901/HHRG-113-HM05-Wstate-SimcoxR-20130522.pdf

Spath, Andrew (2012, January): Opposition Groups in Syria: Myths and Realities. (FPRI E-Notes, Middle East Media Monitor). URL: http://www.fpri.org/articles/2012/01/opposition-groups-syria-myths-and-realities

Stansfield, Gareth (2013, July): The Remaking of Syria, Iraq and the Wider Middle East: The End of the Sykes-Picot State System? (RUSI Briefing Paper). URL: http://www.rusi.org/publications/other/ref:O51E67CF061C2A/

Steinberg, Guido (2012, February): Katar und der Arabische Frühling: Unterstützung für Islamisten und anti-syrische Neuausrichtung. (SWP-Aktuell 2012/A 07). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/katar_und_der_arabische_fruehling.html

Steinberg, Guido (2013, August): Der Irak und der syrische Bürgerkrieg: Syrien ist Anlass für die Gewalteskalation im Irak, Ursache ist aber Malikis Autoritarismus. (SWP-Aktuell 2013/A 46). URL: http://www.swp-berlin.org/de/publikationen/swp-aktuell-de/swp-aktuell-detail/article/irak_und_der_syrische_buergerkrieg.html

The Day After Association (TDA): The Day After Project: Supporting a Democratic Transition in Syria. URL: http://www.tda-sy.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/The-Day-After_EN.pdf

Trenin, Dmitri (2013, February): The Mythical Alliance: Russia’s Syria Policy. (The Carnegie Papers, CP 173). URL: http://carnegie.ru/publications/?fa=50909

Ulph, Stephen (2006): Jihadi After Action Report: Syria. (CTC Report). URL: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA458486

Varghese, Anand (2013, June): Social Media Reporting and the Syrian Civil War. (USIP Peace Brief 151). URL: http://www.usip.org/publications/social-media-reporting-and-the-syrian-civil-war

White, Jeffrey; Tabler, Andrew J.; Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Syria’s Military Opposition: How Effective, United, or Extremist? (The Washington Institute Policy Focus 128). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/pubs/PolicyFocus128WhiteTablerZelin.pdf

Wikistrat (2012, September): Syria’s Turmoil Explored: A Wikistrat Crowd-Sourced Simulation. URL: http://wikistrat.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Syrias-Turmoil-Explored-Executive-Summary.pdf

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, April): European Foreign Fighters in Syria. (ICSR Insights). URL: http://icsr.info/2013/04/icsr-insight-european-foreign-fighters-in-syria-2/

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Al-Qaeda in Syria: A Closer Look at ISIS (Part I). (The Washington Institute Policywatch 2137). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/al-qaeda-in-syria-a-closer-look-at-isis-part-i

Zelin, Aaron Y. (2013, September): Al-Qaeda in Syria: A Closer Look at ISIS (Part II). (The Washington Institute Policywatch 2138). URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/al-qaeda-in-syria-a-closer-look-at-isis-part-ii

Zelin, Aaron Y.; Kohlmann, Evan F.; al-Khouri, Laith (2013, June): Convoy of Martyrs in the Levant: A Joint Study Charting the Evolving Role of Sunni Foreign Fighters in the Armed Uprising against the Assad Regime in Syria. (Flashpoint Partners Joint Study). URL: https://flashpoint-intel.com/upload/syria_martyrs/2013-06-02_Convoy_of_Martyrs_Report.pdf

Note for the Reader:

Whenever retrievable, URLs for freely available versions of subscription-based publications have been provided. Thanks to the Open Access movement, self-archiving of publications in institutional repositories or on author homepages for free public use (so-called Green Open Access) has become more common. Please note, that the content of Green Open Access documents is not necessarily identical to the officially published versions (e.g., in case of pre-prints). Such texts might not (yet) have passed through all editorial stages publishers employ to ensure quality control (peer review, copy and layout editing etc.). In some cases, articles may only be cited after getting consent by the author(s).

About the Compiler: Judith Tinnes, Ph.D., studied Information Science and New German Literature and Linguistics at the Saarland University (Germany). Her doctoral thesis dealt with Internet usage of Islamist terrorists and insurgents. Currently she works in the research & development department of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID) (http://www.zpid.de). She also serves as Editorial Assistant for ‘Perspectives on Terrorism’.

 

 

 



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ENHANCING SECURITY THROUGH COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH

Perspectives on Terrorism is  a journal of the Terrorism Research Initiative and the Center for Terrorism and Security Studies

ISSN  2334-3745 (Online)

Disclaimer, Terms and Conditions